Guideline

refers to an official policy statement, which does not have the force of law. Guidelines may be issued by a professional association or a government agency to express the group's attitude about a particular matter. While guidelines themselves do not have binding legal force, they define the parameters of conduct for professionals which are consistent with accepted standards of practice.

State medical boards have issued guidelines regarding the medical use of opioids which define the conduct which the board considers to be within the legitimate practice of medicine. Guidelines may also be called a position statement or policy statement; and these may appear in a position paper, report, areticle, letter or news letter.

  1. International Narcotics Control Board. 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs: Part 1: The International Control System for Narcotic Drugs. Vienna, Austria: International Narcotics Control Board, 2005. (Available at http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/estim/trainmat/NAR_1%20English%202005.pdf).
  2. World Health Organization. Achieving balance in national opioids control policy: Guidelines for assessment. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2000. (Available at http://www.painpolicy.wisc.edu/publicat/00whoabi/00whoabi.htm).
  3. Morgan JP. American opiophobia: Customary underutilization of opioid analgesics. In: Hill CS, Fields WS, eds. Advances in Pain Research and Therapy, Volume 11. vol. 11. New York, NY: Raven Press, 1989:181-189. 
  4. Bennett DS, Carr DB. Opiophobia as a barrier to the treatment of pain. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 2002;16:105-109.
  5. International Association for the Study of Pain. International Association for the Study of Pain Web site. http://www.iasp-pain.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=General_Resource_Links&Template=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm&ContentID=3058
  6. World Health Organization. National cancer control programmes: policies and managerial guidelines. Second ed. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2002. (Available at http://www.who.int/cancer/nccp/nccp/en/).
  7. Controlled Substances Act, 812, Schedules of controlled substances. 
  8. District Court of Appeal of Florida, Third District.676 So.2d 1380, June 26, 1996.
  9. World Health Organization. WHO expert committee on drug dependence: thirty-fourth report. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2006. (Available at http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/quality_safety/WHO_TRS_942.pdf)

Note: Some of these are in Adobe Acrobat format (*.pdf), and will automatically download when you select it at the INCB website.  To read it, download a free copy of the Adobe Acrobat Reader.